Moab is located on the Colorado River nestled in a linear valley lined with precipitous red rock cliffs. The town is an oasis surrounded by an extremely rugged and beautiful terrain, with predominantly desert features. Moab has an elevation of about 4,000 feet above sea level and covers an approximate 4-square mile area.
Hillsides, wetlands, perennial creeks, and flood channels are the most environmentally sensitive areas in Moab, plus there are many sensitive areas that have a high water table and high shrink-well potential. Approximately one-third of the City of Moab is located within the 100-year flood plain.
The city is approximately eight miles away from Arches National Park and 32 miles away from the Islands in the Sky entrance to Canyonlands National Park making it a major tourist destination. Moab is surrounded by major faults which are geologically young.